All posts by Anna Cunningham

What Is Non-conscious Sedation?

Sedation dentistry is the process of administering medication to help patients relax during dental procedures. There are two types of sedation, conscious and non-conscious. Based on the drug delivery method, conscious sedation may be classified as inhalation, oral, intravenous, and intramuscular sedation.

For inhalation sedation, nitrous oxide is used as the sedative. It is the most common technique used by dentists. It is regulated, has less side effects, and recovery is prompt.

Oral sedation is less expensive, but the recovery make take several hours. Patients may also experience side-effects such as nausea and vomiting.

Intravenous conscious sedation offers the fastest onset of action. It is usually recommended for long and invasive dental procedures

Lastly, intramuscular sedation is the least common type of sedation. It is usually administered to fearful children.

Another type of dental sedation is the non-conscious sedation, or otherwise known as general anesthesia. It is the recommended type of dental sedation performed by dentists for lengthy and invasive dental procedures or surgery. This type of sedation is only performed by trained professionals in a hospital setting.

Generally, the trained professional underwent at least two years of extensive training for this type of procedure. Usually, the anesthesiologist, dental anesthesiologist, or oral surgeon performs the procedure. Highly-trained professionals render this task since it has an increased risk involved, and a higher cost. The medicines used for general anesthesia are very costly. General anesthesia is administered either by inhalation using an anesthesia machine and/or using an IV medication. It will make you almost unconscious, or deeply asleep during the procedure.

In general anesthesia, the patient goes completely unconscious and cannot be easily awakened until the duration of action of the drug wears-off in the patient’s body. The patient is completely not aware of his or her surroundings, and will not remember anything about the procedure, just like being placed in some degree of amnesia.

It is important that the anesthetized patient’s vital signs be strictly monitored, including oxygen saturation, temperature, heartbeat, blood pressure, breathing rate, etc. Generally, it is probably safer to use this type of sedation during long dental procedures because the anesthesiologist can monitor the airway of the patient.

This type of sedation is best for patients with an underlying pathologic condition or illness that may affect the procedure. For example, a patient with Parkinson’s disease who needs to undergo a dental procedure, must be placed under general anesthesia because his or her underlying condition might affect his or her body’s movement control, thus making it hard for the dentist to proceed with the procedure. By being almost unconscious or in deep sleep, the dentist may effectively perform the procedure no matter how invasive or long it may take.

What Is Malocclusion?

Malocclusion is a condition where the upper and the lower teeth do not align properly. This condition is sometimes called poor bite. It is primarily caused by issues with the orientation and size of the jaw and teeth since childhood.

Most of the time, minor cases of malocclusion, like having a slight overbite, do not need treatment. However, if the malocclusion is severe, orthodontic treatment and surgery is necessary.

Causes of Malocclusion

Aside from genetics and inherent jaw structure, malocclusion tends to occur in thumb-sucking, finger-sucking, pacifier-using children. These habits may develop a poor bite in children since the upper teeth will be gradually pushed outward while the lower teeth are pushed inward.

Malocclusion Diagnosis

Typically, malocclusion is diagnosed by a licensed orthodontist. He or she will inspect the mouth, jaw and teeth. Plaster tooth models, facial and dental X-rays may be required for the orthodontist to make an accurate diagnosis.

A diagnosis of malocclusion can be made in children as young as 7 years old. It is best to treat malocclusion while still young since the bones are not yet fully developed during this stage.

Malocclusion Treatment

In children, malocclusion is treated with growth modification that will match their growth spurts. For two years, the child will need to wear dental appliance and braces that will align his teeth and jaw bones.

In adults, malocclusion is usually treatable with a cosmetic procedure, which can help align the teeth. Braces are commonly used for teeth alignment issues while jaw surgery is required if the malocclusion case is severe.

In both cases, children and adults will need to wear retainers after the treatment period. The retainers are used to ensure that the teeth do not drift back to their previous positions.

How Long Does Malocclusion Treatment Last?

For children, orthodontic treatment for malocclusion can last for about two years. It is recommended that children wear braces during their middle school years, and be done with the treatment before they enter high school.

For adults, malocclusion treatment can take at least two years or more. If your orthodontist recommends jaw surgery for you, healing and rehabilitation may take longer. Discuss with your dentist the course of treatment, and your possible options. You can also seek for a second opinion from another orthodontist if the present one recommends jaw surgery. This way, you will have an informed decision on which treatment plan to choose.

Treatment Costs

The cost for treating malocclusion can add up over the years since treatment will take at least two years. This also means repeated dentist visit fees over the course of the treatment period. Some dental insurance plans cover part of the cost of the treatment, but you still need to fork over some money from out of your own pocket.

The Conditions And Procedures Oral Surgeons Are Skilled In

Oral surgeons are skilled in a wide variety of different surgeries. Most people do not really know much about them to begin with, let alone the kind of skills and knowledge that they possess.

Learning more about the kind of surgeries that oral surgeons are capable of performing is a huge step towards understanding how to find proper oral healthcare. In today’s world, one can never be too careful or cautious. It is best to arm oneself with information as to avoid making a wrong move.

Thankfully, learning what oral surgeons are capable of will not take too long. Here is a brief rundown of the surgeries and work that oral surgeons can accomplish.

General Facial Surgery

Oral surgeons undergo extensive education and training in school. Not just anyone can become an oral surgeon. To acquire certification, an oral surgeon must undergo education from an accredited dental school, and earn a license in the state where they choose to practice. Only then may they get a certified diploma from the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Oral surgeons also undergo an additional training in an accredited hospital for at least four years. In fact, oral surgeons train right alongside medical residents of general surgery, plastic surgery, advanced anesthesia, pathology, as well as medicine. Oral surgeons can treat patients in outpatient facilities, surgery centers, in a dental practice setting, as well as a hospital.

Cosmetic and Reconstructive Surgery

This is the line of work most people are shocked to learn about. Oral surgeons are actually capable of performing reconstructive or cosmetic surgery on a personâs face. They have the necessary skills and knowledge to perform the surgery.

The main difference between an oral surgeon and a plastic surgeon is that it is the latter’s main line of work, while it is something complimentary to the former. While capable, it must be understood that oral surgeons were trained and geared more towards oral health care. Those who are very conscious about their looks or the reconstruction of their face during surgery will do well to add a plastic surgeon to the dental team when undergoing a major surgery.

Placement of Dental Implants

Lost or impacted teeth need to be replaced. A tooth that has undergone so much loss and degeneration also needs some form of replacement. These are things that oral surgeons are trained for. Aside from general facial and reconstructive surgery, oral surgeons are trained in helping put dental implants into place.

It must be noted that they are not the professionals who are experts in smile design. These are things that are left to dental healthcare professionals who have undergone the right kind of training for it. Think of the oral surgeon as the engineer, and the dentists as the architects.

Breast Enhancement Products Can Raise Your Self-confidence

Ladies typically really feel sexier getting well-rounded in addition to spherical bosoms. They really feel confident concerning themselves, without doubt regarding which. Surgical breasts augmentation procedures for instance breast augmentation and busts lift are several of the ways that girls can go through to be able to have actually correctly formed bosoms. But getting various stressing or unsafe unwanted results, a big amount of females are scared to make use of these approaches and also prefer to utilize natural breast renovation.

Without a doubt, a lot of females want to be lovely in addition to hot, reason why they would like to have breasts improvement. Since they’re tired to be ashamed in order to wear appealing clothing as well as swim fit once they go in order to coastlines. Yet they wish to see to it to get the best method to be able to have the real improvement without any adverse feedbacks or any sort of dangers associated with damaging unwanted results.

There have the tendency to be some post-operative effects that the woman might potentially obtain with clinical boob job for example infection, hardening from the busts, as well as shedding feeling within the nipple areas. Breasts implant may break or perhaps leakage, that will certainly cause a large adjustment through the actual busts as well as the opportunity in order to really feel discomfort along with your breasts. When concern acquire relating to your medical boob jobs, it may be dealt with via eliminating the actual dental implant adhering to the infection may be removed, and substitute it having a brand-new one, so you should undergo an extra surgery again.

There are lots of items as well as methods which are non-surgical which declare to aid women to enhance as well as expand their breasts. Unique bras, creams, weights, are handful of these items and also techniques that may enhance your very own busts. But females favor to make use or think about breast improvement tablets as a means of bust enhancement and improving their bosoms. These tablets can definitely help ladies to have well-rounded bosoms without looking to any kind of kind of surgical procedure that could give women some dangers of getting unfavorable actions.

Bulk of those pills tend to be organic and created making use of all natural formulations. If you want to improve your breasts naturally, easier to utilize all-natural items that may enhance as well as expand your own breasts without any harmful unwanted results. However being a suggestions, when buying natural bust enhancement, you need to remember to research study couple of alternatives which you can utilize. It is in fact smarter to understand the products and also details.

You can look on the net to investigation and also discover an excellent all-natural bust enhancement for you personally. There will certainly additionally be some organization who asserts to accomplish the very best items however these items never functions, so you have to take care. Guarantee that the organization is dependable one as well as it has high quality items. Definitely, all-natural breast improvement is a terrific way to improve in addition to enlarge your personal busts, without threats entailed with surgical approaches and methods, so you have the ability to really feel eye-catching and assured about yourself. But you ought to do cautious study as well as discover the best product for you directly.

Anti-inflammatory Foods And Exercise Helps To Repair Joints

Nutrition and exercise are important aspects of pain and symptom management in arthritis. Here are ten tips to decrease swelling, stiffness and inflammation in joints.

Arthritis may be a slight stiffness or occasional ache for some; for others it is a debilitating disease that causes pain and discomfort every day. Arthritis is a painful inflammation of the joints and can be caused by multiple factors including normal wear and tear, called osteoarthritis (OA) or by an autoimmune reaction in the body.

Autoimmune disease occurs when the bodys immune system malfunctions. Normally, the immune system attacks invaders into the body such as viruses and bacteria; in autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the immune system attacks it own healthy tissue.

How to Decrease Arthritis Pain and Symptoms

Arthritis symptoms and its effects on the body can be decreased with the right changes in diet, exercise and with medications as prescribed by a doctor. Here are some tips to reduce inflammation in the body:

Eliminate highly processed foods from the diet. These often contain chemicals, food dyes and excess sugar that can cause a sensitivity reaction in the body over time. Excess red meat and dairy may also cause inflammation.

Add fresh whole foods, nuts, grains and fish which provide the right nutrients for joint health as well as decreasing inflammation in the body.

In some individuals with RA, certain foods may cause symptoms to flare up; keep a food diary to identify these culprits and avoid them.

Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil and flax seeds contain eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which is very important in reducing inflammation, pain and stiffness.

Grape seed extract is also a good antioxidant to soothe inflammation at the joints. It also minimizes allergies and autoimmune responses in the body.

Other important supplements that are required for joint health are Glucosamine sulphate and Methyl sulfonyl methane (MSM).

Being active strengthens joints and maintains a healthy weight. However, avoid high impact exercise which can injure joints causing OA later in life. OA in the knee joint occurs often in joggers who are not aware they may be injuring their joints: wear supportive shoes and avoid running on hard concrete surfaces.

Low impact exercises such as swimming, walking and yoga help to strengthen and reduce damage to joints.

A home relief kit can further help ease your back pain .

In some individuals, colder temperatures can also cause arthritis flare-ups, staying warm and soaking in a hot bath can help stiff, painful joints.

Adding eucalyptus oil to the bathwater or rubbing it onto joints also provides a warming and healing effect.

Discuss all treatment options with a doctor. Though medications work best with other lifestyle changes, they may be needed to reduce pain and damage to the joints for certain lengths of time. A doctor should be informed of any supplements taken as well as changes to exercise and diet plans.

What Are Dental Implants?

A dental implant surgery can change your life. It can bring remarkable improvements to your oral health, psychological being, and smile. If you have lost a tooth or two, you can regain your original, beautiful smile with a dental implant. You will not have any difficulty with your implant because biting and chewing food still feel like the same as if you still have all your original teeth.

What Exactly Is a Dental Implant?

A dental implant is an artificial root made of titanium stubs fabricated specifically for replacing lost tooth. It is surgically fitted into bone tissues inside your jaw. An artificial tooth, or crown, is finally attached over it. It is a procedure commonly used to treat lost tooth due to periodontitis.

Dental implants may be attached individually or as a bridge implant when two or more teeth sitting together are missing. For individual teeth, implants are fitted into the bones without the need to connect them to neighboring teeth. For dentures, two or more implants can be bridged and placed inside the jaw. This is more rigorous compared to individual implants because the neighboring teeth need to be prepped. After implants are inserted inside, crowns on top of the teeth are affixed.

Types of Dental Implants

Dental implants are categorized into two major types which are the following:

1. Endosteal Implants: They are the most commonly used type of dental implants. They are formed like small screws, and are inserted into the bones of your teeth. They act as a replacement for the roots of your teeth.

2. Sub-Periosteal Implants: They are designed for the elderly, or for people with shallow jawbone. Jawbone can be rebuilt, but some people are not comfortable with it, so they prefer this type of implant which is simply attached over the jawbone.

During its conceptive stages, dental implant surgery was painful. Today, it is no longer agonizing to go through it. Dental surgeons and periodontists are better equipped and trained at doing a dental implant procedure nowadays.

Proper Care for Dental Implants

Dental implants do not require special attention like other dental procedures. Like with how you care for your natural teeth, dental implants only need regular brushing, flossing, and visits to your dentists. However, dentists may advise you to avoid over-exerting your artificial tooth crown. You should avoid eating chewy and hard food.

How Much Is the Cost of a Dental Implant?

A dental implant may cost you from $500 to $6,000. It depends on what type of dental implant you are getting, and the professional care you will be hiring. Operation for a single tooth implant can cost up to $2,000. Dental plans do not usually cover implant surgeries, so cost has to be paid by patients.

For a more informed choice and to know the best available option for you, consult with your dentist.

Wrapping and Scrubbing your Way to Becoming Cellulite-free

portraitUsing body wraps to remove cellulite has been done since the products hit the market in the 1990s. There are three kinds of body wraps – hydrating, detoxifying, and slimming. Since cellulite is connected with excess body fat, the slimming body wrap will be the most helpful kind of wrap.

A slimming body wrap works by covering up a part of your body underneath a layer of heat. When the heat is applied, or when a thermal blanket has already been wrapped all over your body, you start to sweat. The sweat not only removes toxins, but it also burns the excess fat you have. Since toxins were mentioned, it is just right to clarify that toxins do not directly cause cellulite. Toxins only add to the unhealthy substances in your body but they are not the main culprit for dimpled skin.

There are also body wraps that are applied rather than cover your body. An example of this is the seaweed body wrap wherein it is put all over your body and stays for a good 30 minutes. A seaweed body wrap helps in increasing your metabolism because the vitamins and minerals of seaweed go deep into your body. Boosting your metabolism helps in burning excess fat that forms cellulite.

Body wraps work better when you have a body scrub first. There are certain scrubs that you can make at home for an easy and cheaper alternative to the expensive cellulite treatments. One common scrub is the coffee scrub where you mix coffee grounds with brown sugar and coconut oil. Mix them well so they form a paste-like substance. Once you are satisfied with the consistency, you can apply them on the body parts that have cellulite.

Massage it in a circular motion to stimulate removal of excess fat. Another scrub to try is the sea salt scrub. Mix this with brown sugar in an equal amount and add olive oil, vanilla extract, and honey. Unlike the coffee scrub that you apply on dry skin, the sea salt scrub can be applied during a shower. You can use a washcloth so it is easier to apply. Wait for around 3-5 minutes before rinsing it off using cold water.

You can also try dry brushing. All you need is a bristled dry brush. Before taking a shower, rub it all over your body, again in a circular motion, to stimulate proper blood circulation. Brush your skin lightly so as to not make it dry after. Your goal is to stimulate blood circulation, so don’t scrub as if you’re removing all the dead skin cells. Also, make sure that the brush and your skin is dry. You can apply dry brushing twice a week or as often as every day.

How to Handle a Tick Bite

Ticks are as common as the housefly and if you keep any animal, then you can be sure that a tick will soon follow after. Ticks also love people apart from any four legged creatures. Generally their bites are harmless but this is not the case for some ticks.

Ticks are small, blood-sucking bugs. They can range in size from as small as a pin’s head to as large as a pencil eraser. Ticks have eight legs. They are arachnids, which means they are related to spiders. The different kinds of ticks can range in color from shades of brown to reddish brown and black.

As they take in more blood, ticks become larger and larger. At their biggest, ticks can be about the size of a marble. After a tick has been feeding on its host for several days or weeks, they become engorged and can turn a greenish blue color.

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If you notice a tick on you all you need to do is remove it and wash the area it bit. Afterwards watch out for any infections. You can even go for a tetanus jab just to be sure. For those with allergies, the reaction might be stubborn but not too irritating unless yours is a special case.

Some people may have an allergic reaction to a tick bite. This reaction may be mild, with a few annoying symptoms. In rare cases, a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) may occur.

Many of the diseases ticks carry cause flu-like symptoms, such as fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, and muscle aches. Symptoms may begin from 1 day to 3 weeks after the tick bite. Sometimes a rash or sore appears along with the flu-like symptoms. Common tick-borne diseases include:

Lyme disease.

Rocky Mountain spotted fever.



Relapsing fever.

Colorado tick fever.


Tick paralysis is a rare problem that may occur after a tick bite. In some parts of the world, tick bites may cause other tick-borne diseases, such as South African tick-bite fever.

Check your symptoms to decide if and when you should see a doctor.

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Many tick-borne diseases have signs and symptoms that are quite identical. There are three factors that determine the course of treatment that you will undergo namely, the geographic region where you were bitten, your symptoms and diagnostic tests.

The most common symptoms of tick-related illnesses are:

Fever/chills: With all tick-borne diseases, patients can experience fever at varying degrees and time of onset.

Aches and pains: Tick-borne disease symptoms include headache, fatigue, and muscle aches. With Lyme disease you may also experience joint pain. The severity and time of onset of these symptoms can depend on the disease and the patient’s personal tolerance level.

Rash: Lyme disease, southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI), Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), ehrlichiosis, and tularemia can result in distinctive rashes:

In Lyme disease, the rash may appear within 3-30 days, typically before the onset of fever. The Lyme disease rash is the first sign of infection and is usually a circular rash called erythema migrans or EM. This rash occurs in approximately 70-80% of infected persons and begins at the site of a tick bite. It may be warm, but is not usually painful. Some patients develop additional EM lesions in other areas of the body several days later.

The rash of (STARI) is nearly identical to that of Lyme disease, with a red, expanding “bulls eye” lesion that develops around the site of a lone star tick bite. Unlike Lyme disease, STARI has not been linked to any arthritic or neurologic symptoms.

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